Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the most visited religious site in the world, every year almost 14 million people visit here to see Notre Dame Cathedral Paris. Notre-Dame Cathedral, also called Notre-Dame de Paris, cathedral church in Paris. The Celts had their sacred ground here, the Romans built a temple to worship Jupiter. A Christian basilica was built in the sixth century and the last religious structure before the Notre-Dame construction started was a Romanesque church.
Notre Dame Cathedral Building History
It took until 1345 before the cathedral was completed, partly because the design was enlarged during construction. The result is an overwhelming building, 128 meters long (420 ft) with two 69 meter tall towers (226 ft). The spire over the crossing reaches 90 meters (295 ft) and was added in the nineteenth century by Viollet-le-Duc. The Notre-Dame Cathedral has several large rose windows, the northern thirteenth-century window is the most impressive. The massive window has a diameter of 13.1 meter.
The frontal west facade features three wide portals; above the portals is the Gallery of Kings – 28 statues of Judean Kings – and higher up are the famous gargoyles and grotesques. The spectacular eastern flying buttresses at the east side of the building are 15m wide.
Notre Dame Cathedral Paris: Highlights
- Discover Sainte-Chapelle, a gem of Gothic style
- Admire the stunning stained glass windows of Sainte-Chapelle
- Behold the majestic Conciergerie, a revolutionary prison
- Enjoy the Marie-Antoinette special exhibition from October 6, 2019 to January 26, 2020
Notre Dame Paris Fire
On 15 April 2019, a structure fire broke out beneath the roof of Notre-Dame de Paris cathedral in Paris. During a restoration campaign in 2019, a fire broke out in the cathedral’s attic, and the massive blaze destroyed most of the roof, Viollet-le-Duc’s 19th-century spire, and some of the rib vaulting.
5 things you need to know about the Notre-Dame de Paris
- The Cathedral receives around 14 million visitors per year, which is more than 30,000 people per day.
- Notre-Dame Paris is said to be built on the ruins of two earlier churches. The foundation stone was laid by Pope Alexander III in 1163.
- The wooden frames used in the construction of the cathedral consist of 1,300 oak trees that effectively sum up to more than 21 hectares of forest.
- The flying buttresses of the Rayonnant Gothic style were constructed (between the end of the 13th century and early 14th century) to provide support to the walls and combat the stress fractures that were beginning to occur.
- The three rose windows of Notre Dame are well known masterpieces of Christianity. The South Rose was designed by masters Jean de Chelles and Pierre de Montreuil. Including the skylight on which it rests, the total height of the glazing scales almost 19 metres.
Some Strange Facts about Notre Dame Cathedral Paris
- The Cathedral is the most visited monument in Paris
- The Cathedral is built on a sacred location in the very center of Paris.
- The Cathedral’s bells have had a life of their own.
- There’s a “Forest” in its roof.
- Twenty-Eight of its kings lost their heads in the french revolution.
- The Towers are not twins.
- Its spire was a saintly lightning rod.
- All roads lead to Notre-Dame De Paris.
Entry Ticket Price: $20
Duration: 4 hours – 1 day